SAM MORRELL


ASTROPHYSICIST

Broken Physics – My Novel Ways to get Places really Fast!

July 22, 2011   |   Reading time: ~8 mins

Hi all! I’ve been meaning to finish off one of my blog posts for a while, I usually tend to write something on what I’m currently pondering on as some way to record my somewhat rampant thoughts, usually works but my best thinking is often done late at night… when I’m tired… and I go to sleep half way through writing, like right now. So before I do, let’s get started.

For many years, humanity has looked up at the sky and wondered what’s out there, then we invented telescopes and made it possible to see the rest of the universe from our island in the sea of the cosmos. The sad thing is that most of the sights we have seen are millions of light years away from us, so the only way for us to see them first hand is for us to travel many times the speed of light, but first we have to make this possible. The problem, according to Einstein’s theory of special relativity and pretty much every branch of physics, it’s impossible for a particle with mass to travel faster than the speed of light or 300 Million metres per second, it’s not even possible to take anything above a subatomic particle close to the speed of light as when the object comes close to the speed of light, the energy required to accelerate it becomes seemingly infinite. So, how do we solve this?

Messing with Physics

I’ve been doing some thinking, also reading the works of Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan, etc and if there’s one thing I have discovered about this problem it’s that one must usually try and avoid coming up against this problem by playing with physics. Time for some fun.

It’s suggested that we could get around this by showing that time is slowed down as we get close to the speed of light, thanks to Special Relativity we can use this trick. Just suppose that there’s a train travelling around the world very close to the speed of light, now just suppose that someone were to walk out in front of the train going just fast enough to be accelerated past the speed of light were the train go into them and accelerate them. Since nature doesn’t allow anything with mass to be accelerated past the speed of light, time relative to the train will slow down, therefore reducing the train’s speed so as to prevent that object to be accelerated to past light speed. However, relative to everyone else on the earth, the train will be travelling faster than light as only relative to the train does time slow down.

There is however a problem with this broken physics, as we get faster and faster, our mass will increase, causing the need for more and more energy to maintain our momenta. Of course, there’s also the problem that if we go fast enough, our mass will be so great that we will have so much gravitational force that we will implode on ourselves and become a black hole, but hey! That’s what speed limits are for.

Star Trek Physics

As you may well know, I’m a massive Star Trek fan, and one of the main parts of Star Trek is the faster than light technology, Warp Drive. Before now, I thought that the way the ships warp drive worked was to create a bubble outside of the ship and knock it out of normal space and allow it to travel past light speed, maybe dropping it into some form of hyperspace or a higher dimension. However, I recently got The Star Trey Haynes Enterprise Manual and it explains Warp Field Theory well and I think I understand how it works, so here goes. As far as I can see, The Warp Drive doesn’t so much as alter space around the ship as fold space. I’ll try and explain, if you take a two dimensional sheet of paper and want to travel from one end to it as quickly as possible then you fold it, therefore giving you three dimensions. If the 10 dimensions theory of space time is true, what’s to prevent us doing the same thing with space? So, what we do is fold space around the ship with the warp field and take our seemingly 5 dimensional space and fold it to give us a sixth dimension, making the space between them much smaller, or even non-existent. Now I come on to sub-space. In Star Trek, something called sub-space is mentioned an awful lot, as the space outside of normal space-time. This now makes sense as the space we cross to get across the fold could even be thought of as being ‘sub-space’.

My Recent Reading

I don’t know if it was a slight count of masochism on my part or whether I actually believed I’d understand it well but I decided to try and get to grips with M-theory on the bus this morning. Needless to say I was relatively flummoxed, though with a little persistence it should be remotely possible. Though, it’d appear that one thing could be possible with M-theory, Wormholes! According to Einstein’s physics, we can warp space as much as we like as long as we don’t tear it, however wormholes would require tears in space, as such isn’t possible. With classical physics space cannot be torn as we’d probably have been obliterated by now, however if we factor in string theory, it’s possible. Space can be torn however according to string theory it can tear and then be repaired, making it possible for wormholes to exist.

An Insane Idea

Okay, I feel a little bit insane at the moment, so let’s just throw something really, really crazy out there. Who says we have to actually travel to other places to go there. There’s a little quantum phenomena called ‘Quantum Entanglement’, which means that two particles that are a long way away can act as a single particle. The properties of one are instantaneously transferred to the other. In theory, why could we not entangle sub-atomic particles on a far away planet and thanks to this quirk of nature particles that we change the state of here on earth, they would change the state here and there to?

Just think about it, a person hops onto a platform here on Earth, all atoms within the platform are entangle to particles on a planet millions of light years away. The person is simultaneously in two places at once. Everything within that field is entangled and exists simultaneously there and here on earth. This is a win-win situation as far as I can see as we can be picky about what we entangle. Any radiation that exists on the foreign environment that would be dangerous we could simply not entangle and the person here on Earth would be fine, but if we entangle the photons on the foreign planet, the person can see exactly what they would if they were standing there, and if they were in a perfectly photon free environment here on Earth, it’d be all they would see. Because the Earth’s atmosphere would be entangled with the person, they would be able to breathe perfectly well as they’d have a ‘shell’ of atmosphere around them.

I know, it’s a completely insane idea that completely breaks physics, for a start how the hell do we entangle that many particles simultaneously? How do we get them entangled since it requires a physical interaction? How does it even work? Well, for certain I don’t know if it is even possible, I know very little about quantum mechanics, I don’t even know if it’d allow for this kind of thing, but it occurred to me that if we could make two particles that interacted to share a quantum state from a few kilometers away, what’s to stop that happening many Parsecs, or even millions of light-years away? As for the physical interaction to entangle them, what force acts between every particle with mass in the universe and every other particle with mass in the universe? Yep, Gravity. Why can we not entangle them through some form of Gravitational interaction? How do we entangle so many at once. I have no idea, but with the vast strides technology and understanding the human race has made in the last hundred years, whose to say what’ll be possible in a thousand if the human race still exists and keeps on with the current exponential rate of technological advancement.

I have some more Broken Physics posts in the pipeline, each of them breaking physics as much as this, trust me, they are for the most part completely crackpot, which suits me just fine.

If you have been, thanks for reading.

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